PDF Vault Update: March 8, 2022

PDF Vault Update: March 8, 2022

And I’m back with another PDF Vault update.

One thing I can say about these updates is that they keep me accountable to doing what I said I was going to do. Not that I was about to let myself off the hook tonight, but it can be mighty tempting at times.

Anyway, I continue to make progress on this front.

Today, I added the following PDF resources to the Music Entrepreneur HQ PDF Vault.

  • 015 – 5 Things I Learned From The Warren Buffett Way: Investment Strategies of the World’s Greatest Investor by Robert G. Hagstrom, Jr.
  • 016 – 5 Things I Learned From Blockchain Revolution: How the Technology Behind Bitcoin Is Changing Money, Business, and the World by Don & Alex Tapscott
  • 017 – If You Care About Your Music Career, Don’t Be A Jerk
  • 018 – Career Update: October 2016

The PDF Vault is free to access (in exchange for your email address). Sign up here.

What You Ought to Know About Building Your Blockchain Music Startup

What You Ought to Know About Building Your Blockchain Music Startup

Conversations around blockchain and the music business have been going on for a while.

And, know it or not, there have been some music startups taking advantage of blockchain technology.

The fact that this is not mainstream knowledge, in my opinion, is kind of a red flag. It means that some of the bigger players in the music industry haven’t awakened to the possibilities staring back at them just yet. Or, they’re just choosing to ignore it.

But arguably, as blockchain technology adoption continues, it’s entirely likely that it will no longer be the focus, or rather, the selling proposition. Blockchain is merely the technology that makes certain business models possible. It is not the self-contained benefit to the end user.

And, if you’re a blockchain entrepreneur, I think it’s important that you face the facts. We can talk about smart contracts and decentralization until we’re blue in the face. If our target audience doesn’t understand the implications or benefits, it’s all for naught.

I get that the music industry is largely made up of smart people (something I discovered attending the DIY Musician Conference). But blockchain has me thinking I’d better upgrade my brain before I even assert my thoughts on the subject. And, I doubt I’m alone in feeling that way. There must be a way to convey the advantages in a more simplistic and visceral manner.

There must be a way to convey the advantages of blockchain technology as applied to music startups in a more simplistic and visceral manner. Click To Tweet

Now, it’s great that there are so many music entrepreneurs embracing blockchain technology. But as George Howard points out in his Forbes article:

For a variety of reasons, I’m not going to specifically name those [startups] that I feel are unlikely to make it (most of them) or those that I think have a shot (very few), but the fact remains that it is very difficult to point to any example of real product/market fit in terms of adoption.

I think what Howard is saying is that we’re getting there… but we’re not there yet.

A couple of years ago, I shared that I was cautiously optimistic about blockchain adoption in the music business. My opinion still holds. You can view my discussion with George Howard here:

And let me emphasize that it’s not that I’m not optimistic. It’s that I’m cautious.

Anything that comes out of the blue and is held up as the cure-all to a long-held problem is likely a band-aid solution at worst and a plodding, long-term solution at best. That’s been my long-held thesis.

I even talked about it in the conclusion of my first book, The New Music Industry: Adapting, Growing, and Thriving in The Information Age, and still stand by it.

The New Music Industry: Adapting, Growing, and Thriving in The Information Age

I think at this point it’s fair to say that the blockchain has been a plodding, long-term solution. And, that’s still being generous all things considered.

Now, before we get into an argument over track record, I should note that blockchain isn’t exactly new. And, it has been successfully applied to a variety of business units. But blockchain music startups are a new category.

Even if we were to separate the two for a moment, and look at blockchain as a whole, I couldn’t help but notice that the authors of Blockchain Revolution, Don and Alex Tapscott dedicated a sizable portion of their book to discussing why it would fail.

Now, I can only assume these points were raised in hopes that we’d learn to navigate them as we look to a blockchain-fueled future, which seems inevitable.

By pointing out the problems, they are essentially helping the rest of us work out the issues. Kind of like hackers but more benevolent.

But I digress.

As Howard is quick to point out in his articles, entrepreneurship isn’t exactly easy. It might take some time for us to figure out this newfangled blockchain music startup monster.

And, he discusses a few points startups need to be mindful of as they look to take advantage of this game-changing technology:

  • The complexity of music copyrights.
  • The inability of smart contracts to handle this complexity.
  • People won’t take advantage of a new app, platform or business merely because it utilizes the blockchain (note what I said earlier about selling proposition).
  • Partnerships with record labels, publishers, PROs and other organizations haven’t led to substantial wins for the startups.


I’m not a blockchain expert, and if you’re looking to start a blockchain-based company in the music business, I can’t tell you the exact steps to take. But I do think Howard’s points are worth exploring and bearing in mind.

And, if you’re a blockchain entrepreneur in the music industry, I wish you Godspeed. I believe in the possibilities, just as you do. I want to see great things happen.

Finally, let me remind you – you’re currently on Music Entrepreneur HQ, and we’ve got plenty of posts to help you get inspired and stay inspired. You’re in the right place at the right time. So, let me suggest spending some time in the archives.

What are your thoughts? Do you think blockchain technology will save the music industry?

Let us know in the comments below!

I was Interviewed on Music2020

Earlier this year, I reviewed the book, Blockchain Revolution.

This was a long and difficult read, though certainly compelling.

You may know the blockchain as the technology undergirding cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin.

What you may not know is that the blockchain could change the way transactions – not just financial, not just crypto, but all manner of transactions – will be completed in the future.

And some of my colleagues believe that the blockchain could bring positive change to the music industry.

What’s the Problem with the Music Industry?

Last week, I was at an open mic. There’s a Thursday jam that I’ve been going to regularly in the last couple of months.

This is significant, at least to me, because I haven’t been going to many jams or shows since summer 2014.

But the Thursday night jams have given me the opportunity to work on my craft (I try to incorporate a different song in my set every week), get out of the house (I work from home), and get to know some neat people.

I’ve been making it a point to bring my merch with me whenever I attend the jam, including my CDs and my book.

Last time I was there, there was not one, but two people that essentially said the same thing to me after looking at my book: “nobody’s making money in music.”

You Can’t Make Money in Music?

I can’t speak for you, but in my locality, it’s true, not a lot of musicians are making money by the truckloads or getting calls out of the blue to play killer shows.

There are some exceptions I’m aware of, and I know some of those artists personally, but most people aren’t succeeding at the level they would like to be.

Imogen Heap is an advocate for the blockchain. Perhaps unsurprisingly, she is one of the subjects discussed in Blockchain Revolution.

She keeps less than 20% of all revenue she generates from her music. Wow.

We often think big label artists are making the big bucks, but they don’t even get to keep over 80% of the money they work so hard for.

Now I know what you’re thinking. 20% of $1 million is $200,000. Not a horrible deal, right?

But imagine your band landed a record contract. Your album bombs, and your tour is humdrum. You still somehow manage to generate $50,000 in a year.

But you don’t have Imogen Heap’s contract, so you only make 10% of that – $5,000. Hardly enough for a band of any size to live on, especially over the course of 12 months.

And of course, the label lets you go because they don’t believe in your future potential – they want success now.

You’re Talking To The Wrong Person If You Think You Can’t Make Money In Music

I know I’m jumping around a bit, but let me handle the objection from earlier.

When people look at my book and say, “no one’s making money in music”, what they’re really saying is, “why should I give you my money when I can’t generate any money in my music career efforts?”

The truth is, nothing could be more ridiculous.

I’ve talked about 17 ways I’ve made money in the music industry right here on the blog. And that number is even higher now – I just haven’t had the chance to update the post in a while.

I’ve made thousands of dollars playing with a tribute band. If you don’t believe me, have a look at some of my income reports (I earned $559 just in live performance in February).

In my book, I even mention several artists that are creating a following and doing things on their own terms – Tiffany Alvord, Igor Presnyakov, Pomplamoose, OK Go, Amanda Palmer, Macklemore & Ryan Lewis, Lindsey Stirling. On the list goes.

Sure, some of these people might have more of a backing than they once did. The point is that they worked for what they have, and they’re doing alright.

Looking for newer examples? How about Stevie T?

Closing Thoughts

Here’s what I’m getting at. I don’t agree that it’s impossible to generate good income in music. But I do agree that the industry has got some problems.

And some of my colleagues believe nothing will change until we can eliminate Payola and the chokehold labels and tech companies have on music.

But they nevertheless believe that the blockchain could bring about meaningful change to the industry, that it would make music more profitable for artists at any level.

Interested in learning more?

Have a listen to my interview with George Howard on Music2020.

016 – 5 Things I Learned From Blockchain Revolution: How the Technology Behind Bitcoin Is Changing Money, Business, and the World by Don & Alex Tapscott

There’s some talk in the industry about the blockchain and what it can do for the music industry. Have you ever wondered what all the fuss is about? Have you found it challenging to understand what’s actually being discussed? In this episode of The New Music Industry Podcast, I share with you what I learned from reading Don and Alex Tapscott’s Blockchain Revolution.

Podcast Highlights:

  • 00:13 – Terms used to describe the blockchain
  • 00:32 – The blockchain isn’t just for bitcoin
  • 01:07 – The parallel between pickups and the blockchain
  • 02:19 – Why I decided to buy Blockchain Revolution
  • 03:04 – How the blockchain applies to musicians and the music industry
  • 03:44 – What I learned from the book
  • 03:49 – Blockchain – a prosperity platform?
  • 04:35 – If the positive aspects of the blockchain are true…
  • 04:52 – Where the word “prosperity” is used, caution is necessary
  • 05:28 – Where monopolies fail
  • 06:01 – To not innovate could mean to stagnate
  • 06:12 – If we’re not growing, we’re shrinking
  • 06:29 – What the blockchain allows for in an organization
  • 08:02 – People create opportunity – not technology
  • 08:10 – A tool does not have the ability to make you a success
  • 09:28 – Focus is an art form
  • 09:52 – We all benefit when creative industries thrive
  • 10:15 – Imogen Heap and the blockchain
  • 10:35 – The state of the music industry
  • 11:21 – The implications for artists
  • 11:38 – What the blockchain means for the little guy
  • 12:46 – Concluding thoughts
  • 13:57 – Explore the book for yourself


Smart contracts. Decentralization. Disintermediation. Cryptocurrencies.

These are some of the terms being used in connection with the blockchain, a platform that enables transactions to take place in a secure, transparent, and efficient digital environment.

But it’s a bit confusing.

If you thought that the “blockchain” was merely a reference to the platform governing bitcoin and cryptocurrencies – which are considered a digital asset – then prepare to be surprised.

If we can overcome certain obstacles and reduce the challenges associated with widespread adoption, it’s entirely possible that all financial transactions – and possibly even other types of transactions – will all be done through the blockchain in the future. But that time isn’t now, and it may be several years, if not decades, until we see the “revolution” unfold in full.

All financial transactions may be done through the blockchain in the future. Click To Tweet

When I think of the blockchain, I can’t help but be reminded of a discussion I once had with an experienced guitar tech who was also a friend of mine. He asked me, “Have you ever read about guitar pickups and had trouble understanding what was being described?”

I readily answered, “Yes, I have.”

He replied, “That’s because we don’t know 100% how the technology works yet.”

Blockchain Revolution bookIn the last few years, a lot of the mysteries surrounding guitar pickups have been revealed, which in theory should enable us to create even better guitar pickups in present day than we were able to in the past.

Pickups actually have a long history, and in the 1910s, telephone transmitters were adapted and placed inside violins and banjos to amplify their sound. It’s fair to say that the invention of the pickup was rooted in this early innovation.

To me, the blockchain right now is kind of like the guitar pickup when it was still shrouded in mystery. And the reason I say that is because we can’t really describe it without using many of the terms I started this conversation with – terms that aren’t necessarily in common usage, unless you belong to particular industries.

And that’s why I bought Blockchain Revolution – to better understand what this technology is, and how it will affect our future. And if you’re a businessperson or someone in the financial industry, I would suggest getting a head start on this now instead of putting it off.

Prior to buying this book, I watched multiple videos that described what the blockchain is or how it could benefit the music industry. Those didn’t give me a complete picture of what it is, and left me puzzled. And even after reading this 300-page tome, I still wouldn’t say I completely understand what it is or how it works. But I will say that there is huge potential, and like the guitar pickup, our understanding should grow with time and experience. And that will likely happen at a much faster rate than it did with pickups.

But I’m sure you have some doubt, and I’m sure you’re wondering how this applies to you, so let me quote a brief passage from the book. This should explain, at least in part, why the blockchain is relevant to musicians and the music industry at large:

The whole [Napster] incident turned a huge hot spotlight on the music industry, exposing its outdated marketing practices, gross distribution inefficiencies, and what some interpreted as antimusician policies.

The Tapscotts suggest that the blockchain could lead the way for positive change in the music industry. We’ll be taking a look at that in a little more detail later on.

For now, let’s get into what I learned from reading Blockchain Revolution.

1. The Blackchain Will Allow Us To Move From The Industrial Age Money Machine To A Prosperity Platform

If this is true, I’m excited for what’s ahead. Seth Godin constantly reminds us that the industrial age is coming to an end if not already over, and its tenets do more harm than good as we look to become more valuable, more capable people in the information age and beyond.

But if this statement evokes some cynicism and skepticism within you, you’re certainly not alone – I also thought the same thing. And to be fair, the Tapscotts did dedicate the entire third part of their book to describing the challenges that are facing the widespread implementation and adoption of blockchain technology.

But if we assume that all of the positive aspects of the blockchain are true, that it allows for more transparent, efficient, and secure transactions, then to conclude that it could encourage the distribution of wealth on a global scale is not too audacious an assumption.

But where the word “prosperity” is used, some caution is necessary. After all, how many of us have been promised prosperity by TV evangelists, preachers, pastors, internet marketers, network marketers, authors, and so on? If your mind never changes, does your circumstance ever truly change? The human condition is such that while we have no control over outcomes, we are more responsible for our personal outcomes than anyone else.

I will say this – that a “prosperity platform” does sound a lot more attractive than an “industrial age money machine.”

2. Monopolies Have Resources For Research & Development But Not The Culture Required For Innovation

Not all things I learn from a book are necessarily connected to the primary subject at hand.

I picked out this statement because it intrigued me. And it makes perfect sense, too. If you are a monopoly in your industry, you might have the resources necessary to put time into market research, and to develop products and services that meet your customer’s needs. But you don’t have the culture to innovate, and that leaves room for disruption to occur.

And in the world we’re now in, to not innovate could mean to stagnate. Technology is changing much too fast, and you could easily be blindsided by seismic shifts.

To not innovate could mean to stagnate. Click To Tweet

Tony Robbins always likes to say that if we’re not growing in a particular area of life, we’re shrinking. In business and in music, we can’t afford not to grow, and when we dominate a market, we have to remember that we put ourselves at risk of being usurped by hungry, trailblazing competitors.

3. The Blockchain Allows People To Function With The Stability Of The Organization, But Without The Hierarchy

This is a wonderful insight into what the blockchain can do for business. Big businesses are often ruled by red tape. An adherence to the strictest of standards, rules, and formalities has the benefit of encouraging projects and tasks to be completed in a consistent, standardized, and regulated way, but also slows the way to fresh approaches and innovation.

This is partly why the blockchain has the potential to be a major disruptor in many industries, if it hasn’t been already. It’s a stable, secure, and transparent online ledger that can record transactions in seconds rather than days, because the transactions themselves don’t have to go through multiple intermediaries to be completed.

This would have considerable impact on the way things are done within an enterprise, particularly one that’s used to excessive bureaucratic force that can impede fast decision making. Going up the chain of command for a decision that should have been made months ago is an all-too-common reality in a public company. The lag between when a problem is identified to the time the issue is formally addressed by leadership is much too long.

I can’t imagine that there won’t be pushback in this area, if and when blockchain technology becomes in the norm in corporate environments – it’s virtually assured. But for those who see the disadvantages of red tape, and those who want to lead the way in new methodologies in business are going to be heartened by the opportunities the blockchain can afford them.

4. Technology Does Not Create Opportunity; People Do

I love this statement, and it’s very applicable as we consider this issue of the blockchain.

Looking back, I remember sharing about how a tool in and of itself does not have the ability to make you successful as a musician. I wrote about this when I was still contracting with TuneCity. This is why I do not encourage musicians to use every social media platform under the sun to market their music.

A tool does not have the ability to make you successful as a musician. Click To Tweet

A tool can help you amplify your message, and a specific platform might prove to be the right fit for your particular situation. This doesn’t change the fact that Facebook and Twitter represent the vast majority of traffic and attention I’ve ever received from social media for my music or content, making up roughly 80% of my organic traffic on any given day. This has been true across all of the sites and businesses I’ve ever created.

I’ll never stop you from experimenting, as this is something I do myself. As I already shared, it’s important to push the boundaries and to innovate. Just color me skeptical when it comes to every new thing that comes along.

I recently heard Seth Godin ask, “what’s the smallest footprint you can get away with?”

There are many marketers and entrepreneurs urging you to hop on this site and jump on that app, but the reality is that some are lying to you, and others simply aren’t in touch with what’s best for your career and business moving forward. You’re the one leading the way, so you know what to do better than anyone else!

Focus is an art form – of that I have no doubt. I believe I have achieved more consistency in my life in the last couple of years than in years past, but I’m just as susceptible to the shiny object syndrome as anyone else.

But if you bear in mind that people are responsible for opportunities – and not technology – you’ll keep a level head in a time when everybody is running around like headless chickens.

5. We All Benefit When Creative Industries Thrive

In chapter nine of their book, which is titled “Freeing Culture on the Blockchain: Music to Our Ears”, the Tapscotts explore what blockchain technology could mean for artists and musicians moving forward. This is, undoubtedly, one of the most relevant sections in the book for you and for me, if a bit difficult to understand.

It’s more than likely you’ve heard of Imogen Heap, English composer and singer-songwriter. She has been leading the way in advocacy for the blockchain in the music industry, and has even teamed up with the likes of Pacifico and Vinay Gupta to develop a new ecosystem for an industry that’s very fragmented and subject to negativity and constant fluctuation.

As the Tapscotts explain, the industry has gone from thousands of labels to three majors – Sony, Universal, and Warner. They own 15% in Spotify, and if it goes public, the labels will stand to benefit in a major way. With 360-degree deals, artists are the last to be paid, and label take a substantial cut from – well – everything you make! Arguably, they even stick their fingers in where they don’t belong. And in the music industry, labels aren’t the only intermediaries – we also have tech companies like YouTube and Spotify jumping in and raising their hands.

Basically, the business is just too complex, and the cost of policing royalties has gone up, making it all the more difficult to tilt the scale in favor of the artist.

If you’ve picked up just the basics of what the blockchain is and how it works to this point, I think you’re starting to see why it has the potential to be a game-changer for the industry at large. And it’s not hard to see why it would make sense for signed artists to start pushing for it too.

But what about the little guy? Would this really make any difference for us – independent musicians, music business owners, trailblazers, music entrepreneurs? It’s all well and good to talk about big artists keeping a larger cut of what they make, and record labels playing a different role in the industry, but what exactly would the blockchain do for independents, whether this career path is a matter of necessity, or function?

If what the Tapscotts have documented in this book is any indication, then it’s safe to say that the blockchain is just as much for the small guy – if not more than – the big guy.

Here’s one example of the shift that we could expect to take place. Right now, as an artist, whenever you look at your digital sales and accounting reports, you’ll probably notice that they’re several months behind, especially with regards to plays on streaming sites.

But with the blockchain, these virtual transactions could be recorded more or less instantaneously. This would effectively mean that your statements would be up-to-date, and that you’d get paid faster too.

We’d all like to keep more of what we’re owed, and I think that’s the opportunity that the blockchain represents for the music business.

Final Thoughts

I’d like to close with some thoughts from the Tapscotts themselves, and I only think it’s fitting that we do. Here’s another quote from their expertly written book, concluding their chapter on freeing culture on the blockchain:

Through the lens of blockchain technologies, musicians, artists, journalists, and educators are seeing the contours of a world that protects, cherishes, and rewards their efforts fairly. All of us should care. We are a species that survives by its ideas, not by its instincts. We all benefit when creative industries thrive and when the creatives themselves can make a living. Moreover, these are the bellwethers of our economy – they reveal faster than nearly any other industry how both producers and consumers will adopt and then adapt a technology to their lives. Musicians have long been among the first to exploit innovations for the benefit of a great many others, too often at their own expense. These dedicated members of our society inspire us, and every business executive, government official, and other organizational leader has much to learn from them about the new era of the digital age.

As always, I’ve shared my thoughts on this book in my own words and from my personal perspective. The authors may or may not agree with what I’ve had to share with you, but hopefully I’ve done a good job of extracting ideas that you’ll find valuable.

There’s no way to unpack a 300-page document on the various facets of blockchain technology in such a limited amount of time. If I’ve piqued your curiosity, I would suggest that you pick up the book for yourself and have a read.

I hope you’ve enjoyed this book review, and I look forward to sharing more with you in the future.

Thanks for reading! If you feel inclined to check out Blockchain Revolution, you can go to Amazon, where you can learn more about the book, and see what others have had to say about it. Should you choose to buy the book through the provided link, I will earn a commission at no additional cost to you.

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